Methods of Use
The use of essential oils can vary from simple inhalation to application to the skin. An important piece to remember is that due to the concentration of essential oils, in most cases they are to be diluted prior to use on the skin. People with sensitive skin should read the fact sheets for possible caution notes and reduce the amount of essential oil used by half. For uses with children, please see the section on Children’s Aromatherapy.
Simple Guidelines for Adults
Hair/Scalp Treatment – 25 drops essential oil to 1 oz carrier oil
Bathing and Dry Brushing
Milk – 5-10 drops essential oil in ¼ cup whole milk, add to water after tub is turned off
Bath Salts – 5-8 drops of essential oil per cup of bath salts Showers – after shower, apply 4-6 drops of essential oil to wet cloth, vigorously rub over body, quick rinse
Dry Brush – prior to a shower or bath: 1-3 drops of essential oil on a natural bristle brush, brush towards heart
Cold compresses can be used for treatment of sprains, strains and inflammations.
Spritzers – 3.5 oz distilled water, .5 oz witch hazel, 24+ drops essential oil
Inhalation Steam – 3-5 drops of essential oil in a glass or ceramic mug of hot water, put towel over the head and mug and breath deeply in through the nose and out through the mouth until you cannot smell the essential oils any longer
Diffusion – follow manufacturer’s guidelines (cold air diffusion is best)
Nebulizing – fine mist of essential oil blown into the air
Evaporation – apply 2-8 drops to a porous surface (terra cotta clay is great), allow to evaporate
Safety, Contraindications, Toxicity
Dilute, dilute, dilute, almost all oils should be diluted prior to skin application. A few exceptions to this rule are lavender applied to burns or bug bites, or tea tree applied to bites, scrapes, cuts, etc.
Do not take internally
Variety, alternate the essential oils you are using every couple of weeks to avoid skin sensitivity, also adaptation to the oil can lead to lowered effectiveness.
Differences Between Herbs & Essential Oils
When distilled into an essential oil Wormwood becomes toxic, an abortifacient (causing abortion) and in extreme cases can cause brain damage. Mugwort becomes toxic and an abortifacient.
Sweet Birch & Wintergreen in herbal form are powerful decongestants and muscle relaxants.As essential oils they contain about 98% methyl salicylate, a cause of serious poisoning in children. These oils can also be absorbed through the skin and fatal poisoning has been reported. Children – please see page on Aromatherapy for Children
Skin Applications & Photoxicity Avoid A Bad Burn
Pregnancy Dilution Suggestions & Precautions
Abbreviations & Definitions
cc=cubic centimeter ml=milliliter oz=ounce TBS=tablespoon tsp=teaspoon kilo=kilogram
|1 kilo||22000||1100||~37 – 40|
All the measurements given are by liquid volume with the exception of the kilo.
Generally speaking, the thicker the oil, the heavier it is, so, for example, a kilo of Castor oil will take up less space in a bottle than Grapeseed oil.
**Specific Gravity: Another scientific term. For our purposes it is in essence the same as density.
Essential Oil Dilution Ratios
|5 ml||10 ml||1 oz||2 oz||4 oz|